Currently there are three most effective ways to remove unwanted hair. This is a laser, photo and electrolysis. Each of the methods has its own positive and negative points. In this article, we will consider what contraindications to electrolysis are.
For whom electrolysis is prohibited
Electrolysis is an effective way to remove unwanted vegetation. The method is extremely painstaking, since the work goes with each hair bulb individually. A special needle is inserted into each hair follicle, which is an electrode. Under the influence of electric current, the vessels that feed the hair follicles are destroyed, and it ceases to function.
Since the destructive agent here is electric current, the limitations on the use of this method of hair removal are closely related to the reaction of the human body to electricity.
Procedures performed using electric current have an extensive list of contraindications. Electrolysis is strictly contraindicated if there is:
- Blood diseases and especially violations of the mechanisms of clotting.
- Oncological diseases.
- Severe diabetes.
- Cardiovascular diseases (ischemia, hypertension, heart attack).
- The presence of any medical implants in the patient's body.
- Tendency to scarring.
- Varicose veins in the treated area.
- Intrauterine device (with bikini epilation).
- Hormonal changes during lactation and pregnancy.
- Vitiligo, psoriasis, eczema and other skin diseases in the area of removal.
- Bacterial, fungal or viral infections in the treated area.
- Allergic reaction to the alloy of the metals from which the electrode is made.
- Increased response to electrical current.
In order for the infection not to penetrate into the needle insertion site, two key points are enough:
- using a disposable sterile electrode,
- disinfection of the treated area.
A thin electrode repeatedly penetrates the epidermis, and the risk of skin infection is very high. That is why each patient acquires such electrodes for himself, sterile-packed. After the procedure, they are disposed of.
The second point, preventing the development of inflammation - is mandatory treatment of the skin with disinfectants. Used 70% alcohol solution or chlorhexidine solution.
If inflammatory foci and characteristic papules have formed, then it is necessary to get in-person consultation of a dermatologist.
Indeed, electrolysis is the most painful method of hardware epilation.
- Anesthesia of the face, legs and hands is carried out with the help of anesthetic creams and gels. If you have never had allergic reactions to lidocaine injections, then the doctor may suggest applying a special anesthetic gel 45-60 minutes before the session.
- For anesthesia in a particularly sensitive area of the bikini, injection anesthesia is used. Anaesthetics used in dentistry, such as ultracain, are well suited. Within 40-60 minutes, the drug will block the nerve endings, and the procedure will be much more comfortable.
- The area above the upper lip. The maxillary nerve is responsible for the sensitivity of this area. When temporarily blocking the transmission of the impulse, pain does not occur during electrolysis.
Modern electrolysis machines are equipped with ozonation function. During an electrical impulse, ozone is delivered to the epilation point, which acts as an analgesic. However, the effectiveness of this procedure is reduced because ozone damages the epidermis and complicates the rehabilitation period.
May occur if the electrode, reaching the root of the hair bulb, pierced through it. Stepping beyond the hair follicle, the needle damages adjacent blood vessels.
Patients with coagulation disorders and taking drugs that change its clotting, be sure to tell your cosmetologist about it.
In the event of such point hemorrhages, special ointments will be needed to accelerate resorption - heparin, hepatrombin and others.
A delayed side effect is hyperpigmentation. May appear after 3-4 sessions of electrolysis. Independently such foci grow dull within 6-9 months.
Another factor leading to the appearance of excess pigment is sun baths taken earlier than 2 weeks after the procedure.
Scar formation is the most unpleasant effect of electrolysis. To their occurrence leads:
- Medical error. If the electrode was not completely immersed in the follicle when current is applied, it is possible for the epidermis tissues to "melt" with subsequent scarring.
- Excess current.
- Consequence of infection during electrolysis.
- Individual tendency to scarring.
To prevent this complication in people with a tendency to the formation of scars is impossible, so they should refuse to electrolysis.
In the case of scarring in healthy patients, they are prescribed wound-healing drugs that accelerate epithelialization. In the future, you may need courses of electrophoresis, peeling or laser polishing.
Some experts believe that the appearance of ingrown hair is associated with a change in the curvature of the hair canal after non-professional hair removal sessions.
In order to prevent inflammation, ingrown hair must be removed. It is believed that alpha hydroxyl acids in cosmetic creams prevent this complication.
Harm or benefit
Soreness, high risk of infection and a lot of side effects make electrolysis is not the most popular among beauticians. This painstaking work takes a lot of time, and the likelihood of external (scars and burns) and internal (hemorrhages) unpleasant consequences is quite high.
At the same time, electrolysis may be a good choice for removing gray and vellus hair. Her other positive point is the ability to work with the skin of any phototype and hair color. However, this is the advantage of electrolysis procedure.
The essence of the procedure
In normal condition, all hair has a so-called growth zone, which is responsible for controlling the length, volume and thickness. To destroy the follicle should have some traumatic effect on him.
To fully cope with the hair follicle, electrolysis is actively used. This term refers to the method of dealing with hairs through light electrical discharges, which are sent directly to the follicle area. Due to the weak effect of the current, an elevated temperature is formed, which provokes the melting of this structure.
When electrolysis is carried out, hair of any color and thickness is destroyed. With this technique you can get rid of gray, light and fairly tough hairs. At the same time to cope with all the hair in one procedure will not succeed. This is due to the fact that at the active stage of growth are not all hair, but only 80%. To get the perfect result, you have to perform several procedures that are performed as the hair appears.
This procedure consists in the introduction of the thinnest needle into the follicle, through which a weak electrical discharge is passed. This effect can be carried out on any part of the body, as well as on the face. The only exception is armpits, because in this place there are quite a lot of lymph nodes.
To achieve good results, the length of hairs should be 4-6 mm. Before this, it is important to make sure that they all sprouted. Very, to have ingrown hairs.
What types of electrolysis are?
To perform electrolysis used different electrodes. Depending on this, there are several types of procedures:
- Tweezers - in this situation, each hair captures the electrode, made in the form of tweezers, after which the current is transmitted through it. This method does not cause pain and can be used in sensitive areas. However, there are certain disadvantages - it takes about 2 minutes to remove each hair, and therefore it cannot be used in places with dense vegetation.
- Needle - in this case special electrodes in the form of needles are used to fight hair, and their thickness is only 0.1 mm. These tools are made from different materials - nickel-chromium or gold. In addition, they may have a different shape and thickness.
Needles have certain features and advantages:
- Medical alloy devices can be used for healthy skin and normal electrolysis patients,
- Teflon coated needles are suitable for people with a low sensitivity threshold,
- needles with gold coating are suitable for patients prone to allergies.
Electrolysis, which is performed using needles, also has several types:
- Thermolysis - is to remove using heat. Higher temperatures are generated by high frequency alternating current. This technique requires a small amount of time, but causes pain.
- Electrolysis - involves the use of the finest needles. In this case, direct current is used, which is supplied to each bulb. This technique requires patience, because the session lasts a long time. However, the procedure does not provoke discomfort.
- Blend - involves the impact of direct and alternating current. It is applied to any parts of the skin, is carried out quickly and painlessly.
- Flash - is the use of high frequency currents. This technique is also characterized by speed and painlessness, and also allows you to cover large areas.
Contraindications to the procedure
This technique has a number of contraindications. The most common of these include the following:
- disorders of the heart and blood vessels,
- oncological diseases,
- built-in pacemaker
- the presence of an intrauterine device - when processing the bikini area,
- viral pathologies,
- progressive inflammation
- the tendency of the skin to scarring even with minor injuries,
- allergic reactions to current or substances that are present in the instruments,
Undesirable side effects after the procedure can be a visit to the sauna or swimming pool.
The benefits and harms of electrolysis
Before you decide to conduct electrolysis to combat unwanted vegetation on the body, you need to analyze in detail all the pros and cons of the procedure.
The main advantages of this technique include the following:
- properly performed electrolysis will help to cope with unwanted hairs,
- it is much cheaper when compared with photo epilation,
- can be used for all skin and hair types,
- after the procedure there is no risk of hair ingrowth,
- this method is considered sufficiently hygienic and is not associated with the threat of infection,
- With this technique, you can completely cope with hair, even if their growth was triggered by hormonal disorders,
- electro-epilation can be performed even if photo-epilation is contraindicated - for example, the hair is lighter than the skin or the woman has a high photosensitivity,
- hairs can be removed on any part of the body, with the exception of the neck and armpits.
The disadvantages of this method include the following points:
- the procedure requires a long enough time, since each hair must be treated separately - the type of hair affects the total duration,
- Some types of electrolysis provoke serious pain,
- in most cases more than 1 procedure is required,
- after the session there is a need for post-epilation treatment of the skin,
- there is a risk of side effects in the form of atrophic scars, burns, swelling and irritation.
Can there be swelling, spots and burns on the skin?
If the procedure is performed by an experienced specialist, then there will be no changes. However, sometimes the effects of electrolysis still happen. These include:
- Small red spots on the skin - such rashes usually disappear on their own after 1-2 weeks.
- Scars - similar traces appear in the event that a specialist has incorrectly calculated the strength of the current. Also, they can lead to improper care after a session.
- Severe itching - this phenomenon is considered absolutely normal. In this case, it is absolutely impossible to scratch an itchy area, otherwise there is a chance of damaging the skin, which will lead to the formation of scars.
- Infection of the skin - this problem may appear in violation of hygienic standards during electrolysis.
In order to prevent the occurrence of negative health effects, immediately following the procedure, the following recommendations should be followed:
- lubricate the skin with alcohol, you can also use a solution of chlorhexidine,
- during the day will have to abandon the bath and washes,
- creams, deodorants and other cosmetics are not recommended for two days,
- during the week it is worth refusing to visit the bath, pool, gym,
- for two weeks it is forbidden to use tanning products, to visit a tanning bed or to expose your skin to sunlight.
Photo of the effects on the skin after performing electrolysis
Numerous photos of the skin after the procedure confirms the fact that it leads to the appearance of reddish rashes, acne and other unpleasant consequences. However, cosmetologists say that this occurs only with improper skin care. If you follow all the instructions, there should be no serious consequences.
Reviews of side effects after hair removal
Anna: After electrolysis I had some reddening in the bikini area. The cosmetologist assured me that this is an absolutely normal reaction of the body to the introduction of electric current. After the procedure, the skin is treated with panthenol. The main thing is to avoid water for several days, and then everything passes without any special consequences.
Marina: I did electrolysis of the legs. In principle, the results are satisfied. Of course, at first there was irritation on the skin, but this is completely normal, because it had a rather serious effect. I just fulfilled all the instructions of the beautician, and the redness passed.
Alina: After the procedure, there were quite large red spots and marks on my skin. They looked completely non-aesthetically pleasing, and they also caused severe itching. After some time, all the consequences have passed, but I can say that the sensations arise are not the most pleasant. I hardly decide to ever repeat it.
Contraindications to the procedure
First of all, it is necessary to upset those women who want to get rid of the increased hairiness caused by hormonal disorders. Due to the constant appearance of new bulbs, as well as their thickness, you most likely will not succeed, as the hair will appear again and again.Probably, it will be possible to reduce their thickness or quantity, but no more. In order to fundamentally solve the problem, it is necessary to correct the hormonal background to prevent the appearance of new hair, and then get rid of them.
With this method, the removal of unwanted hair occurs under the action of electric current. Depending on the particular procedure applied, it can be variable or constant, which imposes certain restrictions on its application.
The method is strictly contraindicated for people with a pacemaker: exposure to current can lead to arrhythmias. Be sure to consult your doctor if you have suffered a heart attack or stroke. During the procedure, it is worthwhile to bypass the areas that have papillomas, nevi, warts, as the current can provoke their pathological growth.
Conditions of the body in which there are contraindications to electrolysis:
- fungal infections of the skin at the point of exposure,
- malignant neoplasms,
- mental disorders,
- atherosclerosis of the great arteries,
- endocrine system pathologies,
- abrasions, scratches, wounds and other damage to the skin,
- eczema, dermatitis and similar chronic and acute skin diseases,
- recent burns of 2 and 3 degrees,
- infectious diseases,
- severe forms of hypertension,
- if the epilation is carried out on the legs, then a contraindication is varicose veins,
- coronary heart disease,
- decompensated diabetes,
- allergic to metals and alloys that make up depilation needles,
- tendency to form scars and scars
- orthopedic endoprostheses,
- pregnancy and lactation.
Foreign objects in the human body, such as implants or intrauterine devices, are a contraindication to the procedure in the vicinity of their installation.
Home skin care
The main thing to remember is that during electrolysis there is a violation of the integrity of the skin and microscopic but wounds are formed. Therefore, it is very important to follow the rules of home skin care:
- two to five days is prohibited to wet the place where the procedure was carried out,
- three times a day, the skin should be treated with an antiseptic, then apply a healing cream or spray,
- keep from sunburn for 14 days,
- It is contraindicated to visit the bath and swimming pool for a period of two weeks,
- It is advisable to avoid visiting places where it is likely to catch the infection, for example, public toilets and hospitals.
You also need to take care of your skin You can periodically apply gels and creams that have a softening and moisturizing effect. You can use olive oil or any other that has in its composition vitamin E, which promotes skin regeneration.
Subject to the procedure by a specialist, the number of consequences and side effects may be minimized. However, it happens that individual sensitivity to electric shocks can lead to ingrown hairs or skin pigmentation. Incorrect handling may cause burns.
If the skin after the procedure was improperly treated, scars can occur. Also, the wrong parameters of the device become the cause of their appearance, as a result of which not only the follicle is destroyed, but also the surrounding tissues are damaged.
Various infectious agents can get on the area of epilation and cause infection. This can lead to reddening of the skin and even purulent inflammation.
In the presence of pathologies of blood at the site of epilation, bruising may occur. Incidentally, a disease such as hemophilia, like other bleeding disorders, are also contraindications for the procedure.
The effects of electrolysis also include swelling, redness and itching of the skin at the procedure site, which is considered a normal reaction.
It is recommended to carry out a trial treatment of a specific area, after which you should wait some time to evaluate the skin's reaction to such an effect.
Practically all after returning home from the beauty salon, red spots appear at the hair removal site as a result of electrolysis. This is a normal reaction, everything passes in two weeks. After some time, white dots are formed instead.
The effectiveness of the procedure
You can find reviews that electrolysis did not help get rid of hair. In fact, this may be for several reasons. Firstly, such a procedure may not help if excessive hairiness is caused by an imbalance of hormones.
Secondly, it also happens that the hair bulbs were strong and large, and the standard number of procedures may not be enough in this case. And the last frequent reason is when a woman becomes frustrated as she proceeds with a course of sessions and refuses to continue without completing them.
How many times is it necessary to still visit the salon to get a smooth skin? It is impossible to accurately answer this question, since in each individual case everything is entirely individual. The least amount of time it will take wishing to get rid once and for all of the hair on his legs. It will take about 3-4 sessions. Longer exposure is used to remove hairs along the eyebrow line. In addition, it should be remembered that before each subsequent procedure should take at least 1.5-2 months.
Opinions of people who have gone through the procedure
Mostly positive reviews. Women claim that the procedure is painful, but effective. The main points that should be considered are the impossibility of achieving everything at once, as well as the correct choice of the master and the salon. Do not forget that electrolysis occurs with skin damage and the possibility of infection. Therefore, when choosing a salon where this will take place, pay attention to the disinfection of instruments. You have the right to require the sterility of the needles that are used, and must do so.
Also, many complain of an inexperienced master, reviews say that some of them do hair removal incorrectly. For example, one patient complained that the master who performed the procedure did not insert the needles into the hair follicle itself, but beside it, and then simply removed the hair with tweezers. At best, this does not help, and at worst - you risk getting scars.
Many reviews suggest that in order to avoid unpleasant consequences in the form of infection, it would be nice to buy a disposable needle for each session. Be sure to ensure that the dosage of anesthetic drug does not exceed the norm. Do not rush to immediately introduce a large dose, even if the field of application of the method is delicate, this can lead to incorrect calculations of the current strength, and, consequently, to burns and scars.