Electrolysis methods today are so diverse that it’s not immediately possible to choose the right one. But among the diversity there are leaders in popularity.
With regular carrying out this procedure allows you to completely get rid of unwanted hair, if you faithfully adhere to the rules of its implementation and subsequent skin care.
But the most pleasant thing is that you can do it yourself with a home appliance. How exactly, how to carry out the procedure and in what conditions, we will describe below.
The essence of the procedure
It is not difficult to guess from the name that in the process of hair removal this method uses an electric current. Indeed, in this case, the hair follicle is destroyed due to the direct action of an electric charge on it. Due to high temperature the protein coagulates at the site, the follicle disintegrates, dies off, and the hair at this place no longer grows.
In this case, the device for electrolysis for a specified time gives an electric charge through a thin needle, which is inserted 2-7 mm into the pore on the skin from which hair grows.
The intensity and duration of the charge can be adjusted depending on the treated area, skin and hair type, so the method is suitable for everyone, even for removing gray and fluff hair. The main thing is that they have a length of 4-6 mm. In the article about the principle of electro-epilation, you can find out in more detail how this method works.
Types of electrolysis
It does not matter if the device is used for electrolysis at home or in the salon, all methods are divided into two main types: hair removal with tweezers or needles. Further, there are only variations of these tweezers or needles.
To supply current to the follicle with this method, the hair is captured by forceps-electrode, through which the charge passes. But in order for the root of a hair to really collapse, the time for charging should be 1.5-2 minutes. Therefore, tweezers electrolysis is not very suitable for processing large areas of the body and, in principle, is not very popular. But she the most painless.
Electrolysis with a thread or needle
Most often resort to the needle method, when the follicle is destroyed by applying a current directly to the follicle through a needle inserted into it. Its thickness usually does not exceed 0.1 mm, and it can be made of different materials, on which the specificity of its application depends.
Golden needle for electrolysis is used to carry out the procedure on those clients whose skin is prone to allergic reactions.
There are tools Teflon Insulatedwhose coating thickness is one micron. They are used for clients who have a low pain threshold.
These needles minimally affect the surrounding tissue, and therefore do not cause burns.
The rest, who normally tolerate the procedure, are not prone to irritations, burns, do electro-epilation with acupuncture needles - from a medical alloy.
Also needles of various thickness are used. The size depends on the thickness of the hair: the thicker it is, the more intense the charge flow must be, the thicker the needle should be.
In addition to these parameters, the tools come in different shapes: curved or straight. The choice of form depends on the skills of the master and his habits. It is more convenient for someone to work with curved instruments, and for someone with straight lines, like a ballet needle for electrolysis.
Besides needles it can be used. tungsten filament. To perform the procedure, it is necessary to cut it at an angle, insert a sharp tip into the follicle and only then apply current through it. The procedure with the thread will not be less painful, it may be the same side effects, but it requires more experienced hands of the master. He should be able to properly cut, sharpen and insert the thread. But in general, there is not much difference between electrolysis of tungsten filament and any kind of needle.
The choice of apparatus for the procedure depends largely on the method that the master prefers to use or which clients most often use. When choosing a device for home use, it is also worthwhile to first understand the methods of electrolysis.
This is one of the oldest methods of body hair removal using current. Thermolysis suggests that electrolysis is performed using high-frequency alternating current (9-14 MHz), which is fed through a needle inserted into the skin for 1-2 seconds. This is quite a long time, so often this procedure leads to burns and scars.
The procedure is very painful, so it is not enough to use superficial anesthetics, especially if a person has a low pain threshold. In such cases, an analgesic is administered by traditional methods.
Another important disadvantage of the procedure is the duration of exposure of current per pulse. This leads to local overheating of tissues, which provokes burns.
This is a more popular method compared to the previous one. Its essence lies in the fact that during the flow of current in the place we are working a complex physical and chemical reaction takes place: the formation of alkali and acid, which destroy the hair follicle.
To conduct galvanic electrolysis, use two electrodes. The neutral is given to the client, and the active needle is injected into the follicle. But since it would take about a minute to destroy it, several tools are used at once to increase the area processed at once. When the follicle has collapsed, white foam comes to the surface of the skin. Then it remains only to remove the removed hair with tweezers.
Electric depilation by the blend method is a bit similar to the electroplating method, but coagulation takes place, as in thermolysis. Actually, this is why the method is called “blend”, which means “mixed” in English. In this case, the alkali is more active, so the processing of one hair takes an average of 10 seconds. It is used mainly for follicles that are deeply planted, have uneven bulbs and from which grow thick hair.
The essence of the method consists in a phased impact on the follicle. First, a thermolytic reaction occurs around it, the tissues around it dehydrate. Then a galvanic reaction occurs with the direct destruction of the follicle. With this method, much less alkali is needed, and therefore the process is much faster.
With its help, electrolysis is effectively carried out at home. Modern devices have a computer unit, where you can choose the appropriate ratio of all phases depending on your needs. But the method still has a high risk of getting burns.
"Sequenshal" in English means "consistent." This is an improved procedure for the method described above. Improvements consist in the fact that when the sequence blend during the supply of an electric pulse decreases the amplitude of the current. This not only reduces pain, but also has a more damaging effect on the follicle.
This procedure is considered a subtype of thermolysis. The essence of it is easy to understand from the title: “flash” in English means “flash”. This is thermolysis, at which the current strength is increased, its frequency reaches 2000 kHz, but its exposure time is reduced to 0.1-0.01 sec. Despite the fact that the needles used must necessarily be insulated, electro-epilation by the flash method has a greater risk of burns if it is not sufficient to calculate the intensity of the effect of current.
Electrolysis(from Lat. Pilus - hair) is a permanent hair removal method using a small electrical discharge directed directly to the hair root. As a result of this discharge, a chemical (leaching) or thermal burn (coagulation) of the hair follicle, as well as the growth zone of the hair, occurs. Irreversible necrosis of the stem cells of the hair follicle and the capillary that feeds the hair guarantee the result of the final removal. The hair follicle protein is folded and the hair is painlessly removed with tweezers. Hair dies, that is, a new hair will never be formed from this hair bulb. Electrolysis has been effectively used for over 100 years in cosmetic and medical applications, including in the treatment of hirsutism.
Electric current is fed through a thin sterile needle, which is injected into the hair channel throughout its depth to the follicle (1-5 mm depth) for a certain time, depending on the method chosen and the electrolysis mode.
According to the results of clinical studies, the official science recognized electrolysis for today the only method of hair removal forever. The US government's Food and Drug Administration, which also controls medicine, permits the use of the mark “permanent hair removal” exclusively for this method of hair removal. Then, both photo and laser hair removal are positioned as “permanent hair reduction” - reducing the amount of hair.
Contraindications to electrolysis
Electrolysis - in this method, the removal of the bulbs is carried out using direct current, which leads to the emergence of a galvanic process with the formation of sodium hydroxide (alkali). The formed alkali evenly fills the hair channel and causes chemical burn and necrosis of the follicle. For the emergence of a galvanic reaction, you must have two electrodes, the first of which is a needle, and the second is a metal object that is connected to the patient. Negative charge is applied to the needle electrode, and positive to the hand electrode, which is moistened with a special solution to ensure better conductivity. The patient acts as a medium for the galvanic process. Pure electrolysis is mainly used with the use of several needle-electrodes, because the process of alkali formation is long and can reach several seconds and even minutes, which is unnecessarily slow when working with one needle in comparison with other types of electro-epilation. Multi-needle devices can increase the number of simultaneously removed hairs up to 15. Electrolysis is ideal for patients with hypersensitivity with a small amount of hair.
For efficient and safe use of electrolysis, the skin must first be prepared using anaphoresis and complete the procedure with cataphoresis. Anaphoresis charges the skin surface negatively, thereby accelerating the galvanic process and the effectiveness of epilation. Cataphoresis helps the skin to restore the natural pH balance and neutralize the aggressive effects of alkali.
Thermolysis - hair is destroyed thermally by sharp heating with alternating current (frequency from 9 to 14 MHz) before the process of electrocoagulation of the hair follicle cells. This method is quite fast and is widely used in beauty salons. The removal time of one hair is 1-2 seconds. Thermolysis is used for all types of hair, but it requires an impeccable technique of work, as it has a relatively high probability of getting significant burns. The recovery of the skin after the procedure is slightly longer compared to electrolysis, but with a high level of skill of the practitioner, the recovery period is significantly reduced.
Flush thermolysis and Hithermolysis - is a subspecies of the electrolysis method of thermolysis, with an increase in current strength and a significant reduction in exposure time to 0.1-0.01 sec. The field of application is similar to thermolysis, however, when applied at facilities designed for large bulbs, the risk of wounds and scars increases, but time is saved.
In addition to the types of electrolysis, modern devices allow you to choose the intensity and time of current supply individually for any type of hair to ensure maximum patient comfort and reduce the procedure time. Too low current intensity will lead to significant loss of time and, possibly, to insufficiently strong effects and inefficiency of the procedure. And too high intensity may be too painful, dangerous in terms of burns, but the time of exposure to a thermal flash may be insufficient for complete necrosis of the bulb.
To reduce pain during thermolysis, the exposure time is divided into 2 or shorter intervals - pulses. A short time interval between pulses of the order of 0.5 seconds allows you to distribute excess heat to avoid burns of nearby tissues. The supply of current pulses makes the procedure more comfortable even on hard hair and minimizes the injury. This technique is advisable only with a short-term exposure to current up to 3 seconds.
Blend - this method is based on a combination of a chemical reaction characteristic of the method of electrolysis, with coagulation that occurs during thermolysis. The heat effect activates the formation of alkali and enhances its destructive effect, which leads to a reduction in the time of exposure to hair up to 10 seconds. Used to remove deep curved and ingrown hair.
Contraindications to electrolysis edit |
What is electrolysis?
Electrolysis is a procedure for removing hair in the area of the body (armpits, abdomen, legs) and face, using a tungsten filament. The finest tungsten wire is inserted into each hair follicle. Its thickness is not more than 0.1 mm, i.e., practically, like human hair. After the tension is applied to the twig. The hair follicle is affected by the current, due to which it disintegrates and dies.
The introduction of the needle during electrolysis
Electrolysis needles are classified by material and thickness. The most common and safest are tungsten. They are hypoallergenic and have excellent current. Due to the fact that they are thinner than silver, they are called threads. Silver needles belong to less used ones, which are used only if the device does not work with others.
Electroepilation of the upper lip
The thickness of the needles for electrolysis distinguish:
- Thin threads - 0.05 mm. They are assigned to remove facial hair or fine hair on the body (for example, in the bikini area). They can penetrate to a small depth and cause minimal trauma to the skin.
- Middle yarns - 0.12 mm. Their doctors are used to remove thick or hard hair. In most cases, it is they who process the legs, chest or bikini.
Each thread has a lifespan of no more than 4 hours from the time of use. This means that if for some reason, the session was delayed for a longer period of time, the specialist must replace the working tool.
The principle of electrolysis
Also, the needles are strictly individual. Before conducting a session in the salon, you will be asked to fill out a questionnaire where you need to specify the features of your body. After it will attach a specific thread that can be used only for you.
What is better in efficiency: electrolysis or laser hair removal
Laser or photo-epilation is a procedure very similar to electrolysis. Only in it the follicle is removed using a laser beam, which can be scattered or beam.
The advantages of electrolysis before the laser:
- The effect is noticeable after the first procedure. As soon as the hairs begin to grow, you will see the difference. You should not hope that all the bulbs will die out, but most of it - for sure.4 sessions will be enough for stripping a bikini area, then, as for a mustache, chin or legs - even 3,
- Removal can be performed on the hairs of any color. Laser hair removal extremely poorly cope with white and thin hairs, which greatly complicates the life of blondes. Toku doesn't care how much melanin is in the follicle,
- Thread and current can really get rid of annoying vegetation. Photoepilation has the most favorable reviews on the forums. Most of those who tried it did not even expect such an effect. But the hair after a certain procedure just stopped growing. Laser technique can not boast. After some time, you still need to carry out correction.
How to do electrolysis hair step by step
This procedure is also good because it can easily be carried out to itself. To do electrolysis at home, you need to select and buy a device of the desired power (in the salons devices with a range from 2 to 8 W are used), needles and anesthetic.
Anesthesia - a mandatory measure when conducting electrolysis. As with Elos, lidocaine-based creams or lotions are commonly used for this method. Good reviews about Emla cream and other similar products.
Video: electrolysis is done like this
Step-by-step instructions on how to make electrolysis of the legs or abdomen with the Demeter device:
- The skin should be thoroughly scraped and wiped dry. A layer of Emla is applied on the steamed epidermis, after which you need to wait 20 minutes. In order for the cream to be effective throughout the entire session, the unused zones need to be wrapped with a film, Fixing film processing places
- After 20 minutes, you can begin to perform the procedure. The device consists of two contacts and a block. A nozzle with a tungsten filament or a needle is put on one of the contacts, the second serves to supply voltage. The thread is inserted strictly under the hair to a depth of 3 mm. After the voltage is connected to its free end. When you press the power button, the current begins to flow through the thread Silver needle insertion into follicle
- It is impossible to keep the thread at one point for a long time - a burn may remain. The action should take no more than 1 second. At the sites of treatment, red dots will first appear, which will then turn into scars. Do not worry, it should be so. Over time, they will disappear, leaving clean and smooth skin,
- After the session you can not wet the treated area. They need to wipe with a solution of "Chlorhexidine" and apply a soothing cream. It can be any ointment that promotes tissue regeneration.
The above described version of electrolysis is called needle. It is quite difficult to implement, if there is no cosmetological experience. Pincer is considered more simple to implement.
The device, which he performed, has a simpler design than a needle. It consists of a power unit, an adjustment panel and contact tweezers. The tweezers just need to grab the hair and energize with a pedal or button. After that, the follicle will be destroyed even without a needle.
Tweezers can be used to professionally remove hair in the chin, eyebrow or antennae area at home. Just on the face the nerve endings are especially sensitive, and it will be very difficult to try to get into the follicle by yourself with a needle.
Digital electric epilator
Also hardware cosmetology distinguishes electrolysis methods according to the type of current used:
- Thermolysis. This is an electrical hair removal technology that uses high frequency and low voltage currents. As a result, the follicles heat up and burst from the heat,
- Electrolysis. Carried out by galvanic current. The safest electrolysis, but not effective enough
- Bland Unites in itself galvanic current and thermolysis. Treats professional techniques, is most often used in beauty shops.
- Flash Here the current is supplied to the hair bulbs in flashes.
Apparatus for electrolysis of face and body
COEP-1. Famous Russian device, operating in four basic modes. Convenient for use at home and in the cabin. For more comfort, it is also supplemented by a timer (so as not to miss the moment of the change of the follicles) and the pedal that supplies voltage.
Bumblebee. The second most popular device for electrolysis in Russia. He does not leave a point after his exposure, since the main method of work is epilation through a flash. The flash technique has proven itself as a hair removal in the lower leg and chest.
Xilia Epil. It allows you to remove hairs in 7 different modes. Needle contacts and tweezers can be used for connection. It is characterized by excellent efficiency, but high cost.
Epil Beauty Clinic 6. By name it is clear that this device for electrolysis works in 6 available modes. These are thermolysis, galvanic current, mixed, flash, cataphoresis and massage. You can also configure the device by program (there are only 15).
Epil Beauty Clinic 6
ROS’S. Professional electrolysis is performed only by Ross hardware centers - their effectiveness has been proven by hundreds of specialists. The user has more than half a thousand programs and about a hundred modes. Virtually all procedures related to electrical current can be performed on this device. To work on it you need to undergo special training.
Electroepilatory center Ross
Skin care after electrolysis
During the classical electrolysis, needles pierce the face, which causes some discomfort. But with the wrong care, it can also cause inflammation.
Healing after the procedure lasts from 3 days to a week. So that during this time there are no complications, you need to follow some rules.
How to care for skin after electrolysis sessions:
- Immediately after the procedure, the master should give you a soothing regenerating cream. It will help speed up the healing process and protect the skin from harmful microorganisms. If he was not given that use the "Rescuer" or another tool with herbal extracts,
- Do not allow skin to dry. Then she starts to itch, and if you tear the scales - there will be scars
- The first day is not recommended to bathe in hot water or apply cosmetics (if the session was performed on the face),
- After electrolysis there are often bloated red spots and swelling. To remove them, you just need to stroke the epidermis several times a day in the problem area with an ice cube with chamomile, Hillocks immediately after a session of electrolysis
- Also, swelling and burns after the current will help eliminate the bark of the oak. A glass of water is taken a spoonful of bark, boiled down and the resulting solution is rubbed skin.
But even considering the difficulties in the care, the photo before and after say that electrolysis is worth the effort.
Before and after electrolysis Before and after electrolysis with tungsten filament Hands after electrolysis
Contraindications and effects
Electrolysis has both advantages and disadvantages. The disadvantages include the fact that it is very painful and requires a long healing process. On the second day, the treated areas resemble the skin of a patient with chickenpox. But there are significant advantages: the ability to permanently get rid of hairs and quick results.
Although, in some cases, electrical hair removal will have to be excluded from possible methods of solving problems of excessive vegetation.
Who is contraindicated electrolysis:
- Session on the legs can not be performed with varicose veins or other problems with blood vessels. Heating their walls can affect brittleness and contribute to the destruction of fibers,
- Electrolysis on the face and body is strictly prohibited during pregnancy and lactation, it should also be avoided during menstruation,
- Women who have sensitive skin may experience redness and swelling after the procedure, which is longer than acceptable. Therefore, with thin and dry skin, the session should also be excluded.
- This specialist will not allow girls with metal prostheses (including gold threads) to perform the procedure. This can be deadly.
- Electrolysis of the upper lip is prohibited when acute herpes or other skin diseases,
- Harmful to carry out the procedure during high solar activity (summer and spring).
Even if you did not find in the list of "your" contraindications, we recommend to pay attention to the complications associated with the procedure. If the thread is too deep into the skin, then scars may remain at the treatment site. Therefore, it is better to trust a specialist who can accurately determine and control the required depth of intervention.
If traces after epilation did not pass naturally (stains or hillocks were left in place of scales), then you need to contact a specialist. An infection may have entered the skin or the body is prone to scarring.
Following the example of the previous descriptions, it is easy to guess that the method is an improved procedure for the flash method. The device allows you to set the frequency of sinusoidal alternating current. This is a big plus, as even within one section there can be hair of different quality. Also, the flash flash allows you to quickly change the pulse duration, which is also an indisputable advantage, since even a number of hairs can grow nearby.
The device "Bumblebee 1000"
Among the domestic equipment for electrolysis popular device "Bumblebee 1000", manufactured by the Moscow factory "Proton". It is inexpensive, easy to use and maintain, fairly reliable. Allows you to remove hair by flash epilation, there is a model combined with an electrocoagulator, which is more suitable for salons than for home use.
The process of assembling the machine "Bumblebee 1000", see video
Sometimes in the salons there is a service "electrolysis MTUCI". By this is meant the use of the EHVCh-20-MTUCI epilator-coagulator for hair removal, developed in-house and produced by Moscow Technical University. In addition to coagulation, this apparatus allows thermolysis with the help of needles, to regulate the time and power of exposure to current.
EP200 and EP300
Popular in the market are the Polish devices, which at prices are also relatively inexpensive. The most popular are the EP200 electric epilator, which operates according to the electrolysis method, as well as the EP300, which is used for thermolysis. In addition to electrolysis with a thread or a needle, they are used to eliminate skin neoplasms, and electrocoagulation of blood vessels.
Xilia Epil line
More expensive are the Italian devices of the company Technology, released in the line of Xilia Epil. These are professional devices with computer-controlled, backlit, working stand that can perform from five to seven different methods of hair removal. There are also more complex devices for electrolysis, for example, Epil Beauty Clinic, which also allow for skin care. They are also unjustified for home use, and are suitable for installation in cosmetology offices and beauty salons.
The most expensive on the market are the devices developed by the Spanish company ROS’S. They are able to replace a full-fledged beauty parlor. The DEPIL PLUS electro-hair removal unit includes 123 integrated programs that clients can use to carry out the procedures. They make it easier to work with regular customers: just remember the settings and turn them on if necessary. Moreover, the device is able to remember up to 527 such individual settings. Of course, the price of such a device is rather big.
There are more simple models for electrolysis from Ross: for several dozen programs that are cheaper, but cover the basic cosmetic functions. Lovers and connoisseurs of foreign equipment can purchase a very simple device made in Spain Kh-12 Plus. It allows you to remove hair only by thermolysis, but its price is very high. With the same efficiency, you can do the procedure using the MTUSI apparatus for electrolysis, which is several times cheaper.
Electroepilators company Sorisa
In addition to the company Ross, Spanish devices are represented on the domestic market by devices from the company Sorisa. Her models DE-4000 EXCELLENS, DE-6000 EXCELLENS have a mode of thermochemical epilation, as well as five more conventional hair removal methods. In addition, the devices have the function of iontophoresis.
But no matter which device you prefer, Spanish or domestic bumblebee-apparatus for electrical epilation, equipment vendors provide training on the use of apparatuses, offer to additionally purchase special tools and other equipment to work with them.
Which device is better
As you can see, a variety of devices for carrying out the procedure on the market are vast. Moreover, both domestic and imported equipment are represented in equal numbers. The first is mainly in the lower price segment, and the second - in the upper, but differs in functionality, design. Which device is better to choose depends on the tasks and personal preferences.
For salons, where customers come with a variety of requests, skin and hair types, it is better to choose expensive multi-functional devices. In addition to epilation, they will allow you to perform many other procedures, to customize the device for a specific method and individual features of the client.
If you plan to conduct electrolysis yourself, it is better to choose inexpensive domestic devices for a limited number of methods and modes, choosing a specific for themselves. In addition, such devices sometimes allow you to do various medical procedures, which also speaks in their favor.
How to do
Having decided on the device that will be used to remove hair at home, then you must purchase an anesthetic. Even when you puncture yourself, the sensations will be very painful. Most often used lidocaine or special cream "Emla". Any of these funds should be smeared on the treated area one hour before the procedure.
Before the procedure, wipe the needles with WYC electrolysis with alcohol., even if they are new, as well as hands. This will prevent infection in the wound. Now you can enter the needle into the pore to the desired length, press the button on the device to start the current. When the time is up, the device beeps or the needle vibrates. Now you can remove the removed hair with tweezers.
At the end of the procedure, the skin on the treated area will be swollen, red. These reactions will disappear in a couple of days. It is necessary to repeat the procedure in three weeks, but not later than in two months. If you regularly treat the area, then after 4-12 sessions you can forget about the hair on it for a couple of years.
Contraindications to the procedure
Regardless of whether electrolysis is carried out with a pincer or needle method, it has its own contraindications. First of all, you can not carry out the procedure on inflamed skin, including if the inflammation is viral in nature.
It is contraindicated for people who have suffered a myocardial infarction, a stroke, cardiovascular diseases, any kind of tumors, diseases of the endocrine system.
Traditionally, it can not be used for pregnant and lactating women, as well as for persons suffering from epilepsy. When performing a procedure on the legs, varicose veins are a contraindication. There may also be an individual intolerance to specific alloys or metals.
There are several methods of electrolysis and a specific device has been developed for each of them, which can be customized for individual needs.
Manufacturers also offer multifunctional devices that are able to work with several methods, to conduct additional cosmetic procedures. What to choose depends on specific tasks.
In this video, electrolysis tells cosmetologist.